How Sweden’s No. 2 Cinema Chain Went 100% Cashless

By Patrick von Sychowski | March 15, 2017 4:39 am PDT

Sweden’s second largest cinema chain Svenska Bio went cashless for all of its 35 cinemas on 1 November 2016. More than four months into this world-first for a major cinema chain Celluloid Junkie talked to Suzanna Renhuldt, CMO of Svenska Bio about the bold move. With cinema patrons worldwide increasingly booking cinema tickets on their smartphones more and more cinemas are weighing up the cost of handling cash.

“In Sweden there’s been a movement for some time towards less and less use of cash, which puts an increased pressure on the public places that still handle cash,” is the first thing that Suzanna says. “In addition it’s been getting continuously more expensive as the banks charge higher fees for the services that using cash requires.” Many banks in Sweden have even gone so far as to stop accepting, handling or issuing cash at some of their branches.

Payment systems in Sweden. (source: Sveriges Riksbank)

Payment systems in Sweden. (source: Sveriges Riksbank)

It is worth noting that Sweden is today one of the most advanced countries in the world in the switch to various forms of electronic payments. ‘Sweden leads the race to become cashless society‘ was the headline of a long article in The Guardian last year, where it was noted that cash payments made up just 2% of the value of all transactions in Sweden in 2015 and is expected to drop to 0.5% by 2020. In addition to credit and debit cards, Swedes use the Swish money transfer system and app created by Scandinavia’s five biggest banks. Used by 52% of Sweden’s population, it is so common that it has already become a verb (“Swish me the money you owe”).

Last year Bloomberg also noted that other countries are trying to emulate this example: ‘Singapore Wants to Be Asia’s Sweden in Push for Cashless Payment‘ it wrote, as Singapore along with Sweden, Finland, UK and US is deemed “most ready to use digital payments, based on the high use of mobile phones and banking services, according to a Citigroup Inc. report published in June.” Apple Pay and Android Pay are also pushing other countries in that direction, though nowhere are they as ubiquitous as Swish currently is in Sweden.

"Our cinemas are cashless" Svenska Bio Sweden

“Our cinemas are cashless” – notice on Svenska Bio’s website.

Svenska Bio did not just lock up their POS cash registers one day, but went through a systematic process in moving to 100% electronic payments. “The first thing we did is that we brought up the subject during our yearly conference when the whole company meets. Most every one of our cinema managers were very positive about going cash-less and we selected three out of 35 cinemas to be the first test sites.” Svenska Bio has cinemas across Sweden, mainly in medium-sized towns, with the three test cinemas chosen located in Borås, Visby och Kristianstad.

Suzanna Renhuldt, Svenska bio

Suzanna Renhuldt

The next step was to communicates the plan. “It was mostly a matter of spreading the information as widely and clearly as possible,” confirms Suzanna. “We used our social media, the cinemas’ different ads spaces, infomercials on the screen and newspaper ads to inform our cinemagoers.” The reaction was swift and Svenska Bio found itself the target of one particular group opposed to the wider moves to a cashless society: pensioners.

Suzanna seems sanguine about her cinema becoming a battering ram in the political battle between politicians, banks and pensioners. “They have not targeted our cinemas in particular,” she offers, “but have used us going cashless as an example of the challenges that senior citizens faces in no cash situations.” Swedish pensioners lobby organisation PRO collected 139,000 signatures in the summer of 2016 to the Sweden’s Finance Ministry to protests official efforts to discourage cash use, with Sweden’s former top police chief Björn Eriksson launching the kontantuppropet.nu website to enshrine the use of cash in Sweden’s constitution.

ABBA cashless museum

E-money, e-money, e-money!

But Sweden’s push to go cashless also has a one strong advocate amongst its pensioners, none other than ABBA’s Björn Ulvaeus, who embraced the idea of going cashless after robbers broke into his son Christian’s apartment in 2008. He stopped using cash in 2011 and when ABBA The Museum opened in Stockholm in 2013 it did not accept cash. Instead there was a sign at the entrance (above) and in the giftshop that reads:

I challenge anyone to come up with reasons to keep cash that outweigh the enormous benefits of getting rid of it. Imagine the worldwide suffering because of crime, from drug dealing to bicycle theft. Crime that requires cash. The Swedish krona is a small currency, used only in Sweden. This is the ideal place to start the biggest crime-preventing scheme ever. We could and should be the first cashless society in the world.—Björn Ulvaeus

Not bad for a man who co-wrote the song “Money, money, money.”

But angry pensioners were not the only issue, Suzanna said. “Parents sending their children to the movies have been a challenge as many children in Sweden still don’t have a debit card.” But Svenska Bio came up with a solution for this too. “The way we work around this is that parents use our gift certificates which can be used for both tickets and concession.” Gift cards are widely available at the Pressbyran and 7-Eleven convenience stores found in even the smallest towns in Sweden.

“We have now been cash-less for a little more than six months and our experience is positive beyond our expectations,” Suzanna happily confirms. “Our senior moviegoers have adjusted to the change without any trouble. In the few instances when children come to the cinema without a payment card we have solved the situation with a small petty cash box that we still have at the cinemas.”

Svenska Bio Visby - first to go cashless. (photo: Svenska Bio)

Svenska Bio Visby – first to go cashless. (photo: Svenska Bio)

Svenska Bio is not the first cinema chain in Sweden to abolish cash at the box office. The regional chain Björnbiografer stopped cash handling for all of its seven cinemas in November 2015, a year before Svenska Bio. The decision was taken due to safety concerns for its staff after incidents involving theft and harassment by youth gangs. Many of the small towns where it operates lack their own police force and police presence is often lacking in the evenings at other locations. Going cash-free was the best way to help ensure staff safety, cinema head Björn Wallgren said in an interview at the time.

But while ticket sales have been going electronic all over the world, cash still tends to be used in other parts of the cinema – so what about the food and beverage sales? “Our sales in concession, our pick up rate has not been affected negatively at all, if anything we have had an increase. And our daytime screenings, aimed mainly for seniors are blooming, so the change has not had any negative affect at all. We are very happy about the outcome and our staff feels more secure now that they don’t need to handle cash anymore,” Suzanna beams.

Svenska Bio Kristianstad - cashless pioneer. (photo: Svenska Bio)

Svenska Bio Kristianstad – cashless pioneer. (photo: Svenska Bio)

While credit cards and electronic transactions often carry a charge (though a brief attempt to charge for Swish payments in Sweden died a swift death), it should be remembered that using cash is also not ‘free’. “Industry averages for the end-to-end costs of handling cash are approximately 3%,” comments Prill Brewin, co-founder of retail consultancy Blue Stocking Partnership (BSPL), which works with clients such as Odeon, McDonald’s and Coca-Cola. “This includes counting, storing, securing and transporting it. Slippage averages 5%. The logistical headaches of handling and processing cash are obvious. It’s hard to count, easy to lose and looking after it reduces everyone’s productivity.”

So what advice would Suzanna offer to others who may be thinking of going cashless? “Telling the cinemagoers of the change well in advance and through as many channels as possible is key in our experience. Also to have a plan B for when you cannot accommodate your customer in any other way then through cash is important in the initial months.” Svenska Bio has also had to be mindful about the publicity generated by visibly ‘killing’ cash. “We have had a lot of press about this and as long as we keep the conversations positive and talk about all the advantages and increased safety for the staff you will generate understanding.”

Svenska bio is 50% owned by Sweden’s largest cinema chain SF Bio, which is in the process of being acquired by AMC. There can be no doubt that it is innovation and best practices like this that made AMC’s CEO Adam Aron proclaim that the Swedes’ “added expertise will be invaluable to us in helping to drive AMC’s progress across Europe.” Other cinemas in the AMC family (and beyond) may not look to go cashless just yet, but when they do they can definitely learn from Svenska Bio’s example.

Svenska Bio logo

Patrick von Sychowski
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Patrick von Sychowski

Patrick was a Senior Analyst at Screen Digest, went on to launch the digital cinema operations of Unique and Deluxe Europe, then digitised Bollywood at Adlabs/RMW, and now writes, consults and appears on panels about cinema all over the world.
Patrick von Sychowski
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